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The Virtual University, Pakistan’s first University based completely on modern Information and Communication Technologies, was established by the Government as a public sector, not-for-profit institution with a clear mission: to provide extremely affordable world class education to aspiring students all over the country.

Using free-to-air satellite television broadcasts and the Internet, the Virtual University allows students to follow its rigorous programs regardless of their physical locations. It thus aims at alleviating the lack of capacity in the existing universities while simultaneously tackling the acute shortage of qualified professors in the country. By identifying the top Professors of the country, regardless of their institutional affiliations, and requesting them to develop and deliver hand-crafted courses, the Virtual University aims at providing the very best courses to not only its own students but also to students of all other universities in the country.


Introduction

VSpace is a growing collection of Virtual University’s research that includes peer-reviewed articles, technical reports, working papers, theses and more. This electronic repository contains selected theses and dissertations of Masters and PhD students from all VU departments. The end users can search, navigate and download these publications using this website.



Latest Thesis
 

VULNERABILITY OF CARNIVORE SPECIES TO HABITAT FRAGMENTATION ALONG INDUS RIVER

Sehresh Omer (Issue Date : 16-11-2021)

Carnivores belonging to order carnivora are important component of every ecosystem because they control the population of other animals through predation. The members of this order are more threatened to extinction in comparison to their prey species...


RANKING OF ALTERNATIVES USING MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION-MAKING TECHNIQUES IN THE FRAMEWORK OF HESITANT FUZZY SETS

RAFI RAZA (Issue Date : 28-09-2021)

Hesitant fuzzy sets (HFSs) contain a collection of various possible values as its membership degree. HFS has become a powerful device that handles the uncertain and vague information involved in the decision-making process accurately. This thesis ...


IN SILICO ANALYSIS OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM (SNPs) IN HUMAN MDM2 GENE

Fozia Naz (Issue Date : 21-09-2021)

In humans, the most common type of genetic variation is single nucleotide polymorphism and these SNPs perform a vital part in complex diseases of human beings. In MDM2 gene, genetic polymorphisms have been associated with diseases including different...


GENETIC VARIATIONS OF TLR3 (TOLL LIKE RECEPTOR-3) IN PAKISTANI HCV PATIENTS

Assma Parveen (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

HCV is from the family Flaviviridae and genus Hepacivirus. HCV is a single-stranded virus that has a healthy RNA genome. It infects hepatocytes and is a major cause of chronic infection that results in fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinom...


EMOTIONAL USER INTERFACE TO ENHANCE USER EXPERIENCE TOWARDS E-COMMERCE WEBSITES IN PAKISTAN

Ajmal Qadeer Ahmed (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Many efforts were required to enhance user experience regarding e-commerce websites in Pakistan. There are many websites working as under influence of e-commerce. Major problem which is observed in Pakistan regarding e-commerce websites’ interactio...


EFFECT OF OWNERSHIP CONCENTRATION ON DIVIDEND POLICY: CASE OF PAKISTAN NON-FINANCIAL SECTOR

Humna Aslam (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to test the relationship of ownership concentration with dividend payouts based on agency and signaling theory. Design: Data is collected from secondary sources based on purposive sampling. The sampl...


IMPACT OF SAFETY PRACTICES ON EMPLOYEES’ PERFORMANCE WITH MEDIATING ROLE OF MOTIVATION AND MODERATING ROLE OF EMPLOYEES’ PARTICIPATION IN PLASTIC PROCESSING INDUSTRIES OF RAWALPINDI/ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN

SHAHEEN AKHTAR (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Employees are the key component in any industrial setup. Each industry tries to enhance the performance of employees through different strategies. Safety is the fundamental right and basic necessity of all employees. Through effective safety practice...


AMPLIFICATION AND CLONING OF MYCOBACTERIUM SPECIFIC GENE RV1932 IN MAMMALIAN EXPRESSION VECTOR

Amjad Shuja (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

According to World Health Organization reports 2019, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an international health issue. Almost 2 million deaths and 10 million latest cases are reported each year. It is one of the primitive disease of mankind and still a ma...


IDENTIFICATION OF CANDIDATUS LIBERIBACTER SPECIES IN SWEET ORANGE ORCHARDS OF PUNJAB

Syeda Zareen Zahra (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Citrus is one of the important horticultural crops of Pakistan as well as worldwide with the production of 122976 thousand tons per year.Maximum Production of citrus is in Punjabthat is about 95% of the crop. Types of citrus that are found in Pakista...


MOLECULAR EVIDENCE AND DETECTION OF UNAPPROVED GENETICALLY MODIFIED MAIZE THROUGH POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION FROM FIELD SAMPLES IN MULTAN, PAKISTAN

NABEELA SHAHEEN (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Maize is the third most important crop of Pakistan as well as worldwide. In Pakistan, this crop is an important and versatile because it has two harvests seasons per year. Inadvertent gene transfer into conventional genotypes is a potential result of...


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