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The Virtual University, Pakistan’s first University based completely on modern Information and Communication Technologies, was established by the Government as a public sector, not-for-profit institution with a clear mission: to provide extremely affordable world class education to aspiring students all over the country.

Using free-to-air satellite television broadcasts and the Internet, the Virtual University allows students to follow its rigorous programs regardless of their physical locations. It thus aims at alleviating the lack of capacity in the existing universities while simultaneously tackling the acute shortage of qualified professors in the country. By identifying the top Professors of the country, regardless of their institutional affiliations, and requesting them to develop and deliver hand-crafted courses, the Virtual University aims at providing the very best courses to not only its own students but also to students of all other universities in the country.

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VULNERABILITY OF CARNIVORE SPECIES TO HABITAT FRAGMENTATION ALONG INDUS RIVER

Sehresh Omer (Issue Date : 16-11-2021)

Carnivores belonging to order carnivora are important component of every ecosystem because they control the population of other animals through predation. The members of this order are more threatened to extinction in comparison to their prey species...


RANKING OF ALTERNATIVES USING MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION-MAKING TECHNIQUES IN THE FRAMEWORK OF HESITANT FUZZY SETS

RAFI RAZA (Issue Date : 28-09-2021)

Hesitant fuzzy sets (HFSs) contain a collection of various possible values as its membership degree. HFS has become a powerful device that handles the uncertain and vague information involved in the decision-making process accurately. This thesis ...


IN SILICO ANALYSIS OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM (SNPs) IN HUMAN MDM2 GENE

Fozia Naz (Issue Date : 21-09-2021)

In humans, the most common type of genetic variation is single nucleotide polymorphism and these SNPs perform a vital part in complex diseases of human beings. In MDM2 gene, genetic polymorphisms have been associated with diseases including different...


EFFECT OF OWNERSHIP CONCENTRATION ON DIVIDEND POLICY: CASE OF PAKISTAN NON-FINANCIAL SECTOR

Humna Aslam (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to test the relationship of ownership concentration with dividend payouts based on agency and signaling theory. Design: Data is collected from secondary sources based on purposive sampling. The sampl...


IMPACT OF SAFETY PRACTICES ON EMPLOYEES’ PERFORMANCE WITH MEDIATING ROLE OF MOTIVATION AND MODERATING ROLE OF EMPLOYEES’ PARTICIPATION IN PLASTIC PROCESSING INDUSTRIES OF RAWALPINDI/ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN

SHAHEEN AKHTAR (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Employees are the key component in any industrial setup. Each industry tries to enhance the performance of employees through different strategies. Safety is the fundamental right and basic necessity of all employees. Through effective safety practice...


EMOTIONAL USER INTERFACE TO ENHANCE USER EXPERIENCE TOWARDS E-COMMERCE WEBSITES IN PAKISTAN

Ajmal Qadeer Ahmed (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Many efforts were required to enhance user experience regarding e-commerce websites in Pakistan. There are many websites working as under influence of e-commerce. Major problem which is observed in Pakistan regarding e-commerce websites’ interactio...


STUDY OF ETHOGRAM AND ENDOPARASITIC LOAD OF ASIAN BLACK BEAR IN CAPTIVITY IN ZOO OF PUNJAB

Zahid Mehmood Hashmi (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

The purpose of this study was to note the ethogram of captive Asiatic black bears (Ursusthibetanus)in Lahore and Bahawalpur zoo of Punjab, Pakistan. The ethogram was noted 2.5 hours with 15 minutes interval 10 times daily for 40 days and ethogram dev...


AMPLIFICATION AND CLONING OF MYCOBACTERIUM SPECIFIC GENE RV1932 IN MAMMALIAN EXPRESSION VECTOR

Amjad Shuja (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

According to World Health Organization reports 2019, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an international health issue. Almost 2 million deaths and 10 million latest cases are reported each year. It is one of the primitive disease of mankind and still a ma...


PREVALENCE AND IDENTIFICATION OF GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES IN SMALL RUMINANTS OF DISTRICT UPPER DIR KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA PAKISTAN

Ruhoollah (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

The present research was carried out to assess the occurrence of intestinal parasites in small ruminants of Upper Dir Khyber Pakhtun Khwa Pakistan, Livestock have greater importance in raising the financial position of a country but unfortunately the...


ASSOCIATION OF TOLL LIKE RECEPTOR 2 WITH OBESITY IN HUMANS BEINGS

MARIAM TARIQ (Issue Date : 17-09-2021)

Obesity is declared as one of the greatest health threats of 21st century. According to recent study conducted by WHO, almost over half a billion-world population is obese. The pathophysiology of obesity is not completely understood till now but stud...


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