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The Virtual University, Pakistan’s first University based completely on modern Information and Communication Technologies, was established by the Government as a public sector, not-for-profit institution with a clear mission: to provide extremely affordable world class education to aspiring students all over the country.

Using free-to-air satellite television broadcasts and the Internet, the Virtual University allows students to follow its rigorous programs regardless of their physical locations. It thus aims at alleviating the lack of capacity in the existing universities while simultaneously tackling the acute shortage of qualified professors in the country. By identifying the top Professors of the country, regardless of their institutional affiliations, and requesting them to develop and deliver hand-crafted courses, the Virtual University aims at providing the very best courses to not only its own students but also to students of all other universities in the country.

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BIOMEDICAL DATA RETRIEVAL USING ENHANCED QUERY EXPANSION

Muhammad Qadeer (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

Biomedical data is growing up rapidly and a better retrieval system is the need for its utilization. A basic problem while retrieving data from a system related to the queries is mismatch of words, which indicates the use of dissimilar words for expr...


U-LEARNING – THE DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF EVOCATIVE LEARNING BASED METHOD FOR FUTURISTIC UBIQUITOUS EDUCATIONAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

Munazza Mah Jabeen (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

Technology has travelled a long way from an analogue world to a digital age, where our interaction in the virtual world is leading us towards virtual reality. Ubiquitous learning can be considered as a pattern in erudition grounded on ubiquitous late...


Isolation and Identification of polyhydroxy alkanoates accumulating bacteria from sugar-cane industry waste

Farzana Yasmin (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

Polyhydroalkanoates (PHAs) are polyesters that are synthesized by different microorganism and stored as granules in microbes. They are used as a food under starvation. Studies have shown that physical properties of different PHAs resemble significant...


A STUDY OF TRAINING NEEDS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL HEAD TEACHERS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN DISTRICT POONCH

Irfan Yunus (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

The purpose of this research is to investigate the training need of primary school head teachers in disaster management in district Poonch. District Poonch is a placed a very high disaster region. Literature reviews have indicated that there has not ...


ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND SCREENING OF BACTERIA FROM CATTLE GUT AS A POTENTIAL PROBIOTIC SPECIES FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEED

Kanwal Habib (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

Balance diet is a basic factor in livestock productivity. Uneven and unbalanced dietary pattern is considered a major restriction for livestock development in Pakistan because it leads to decrease milk production, reproductive performance and growth ...


SDPM “AN EFFECTIVE MODEL FOR SOFTWARE DEFECT PREDICTION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS”

Ahmed Iqbal (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

Predicting software defect is considered as one of the most dynamic research field in the domain of software engineering. Prediction of defects can improve the software quality by indicating the particular areas in advance where faults are more likel...


SERO-EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS IN HEALTHY POPULATION OF DISTRICT CHINIOT

Muhammad Azam Ali Khan (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

Inflammation of the liver is the usual manifestation of the hepatitis and it cause irreversible failure of the liver in many cases. There are different hepatitis viruses including A to E which causes different disease conditions. Among all of these v...


POLYMORPHISM ANALYSIS OF PROTOONCOGENE (MDM2) IN THYROID CANCER

Iram Mehboob (Issue Date : 15-01-2020)

The most common endocrine carcinoma is Thyroid cancer and it is the fastest growing cancer worldwide. Thyroid cancer is of four major types including papillary, follicular, anaplastic and medullary thyroid cancer. Among all the types of thyroid cance...


ASSOCIATION ANALYSIS OF DNA VARIANTS WITH DYSLIPIDEMIA AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Nayab Arshed (Issue Date : 13-01-2020)

The recent insight that inflammation due to enhancing level of TNF (Tumor Necrosis factor) alpha cause to increase in LDL and decrease in HDL that results in dyslipidemia, which further leads to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Tumor necr...


EFFECTIVENESS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM: PRECEPTION OFSCHOOLHEADS AND TEACHERS

Shahida Akhtar (Issue Date : 13-01-2020)

This study was basically about effectiveness of elementary school health program: Perception of school heads and teachers. This research was basically quantitative descriptive in nature. It was conducted in Sargodha, Chakwal, and Rawalpindi districts...


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