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The Virtual University, Pakistan’s first University based completely on modern Information and Communication Technologies, was established by the Government as a public sector, not-for-profit institution with a clear mission: to provide extremely affordable world class education to aspiring students all over the country.

Using free-to-air satellite television broadcasts and the Internet, the Virtual University allows students to follow its rigorous programs regardless of their physical locations. It thus aims at alleviating the lack of capacity in the existing universities while simultaneously tackling the acute shortage of qualified professors in the country. By identifying the top Professors of the country, regardless of their institutional affiliations, and requesting them to develop and deliver hand-crafted courses, the Virtual University aims at providing the very best courses to not only its own students but also to students of all other universities in the country.

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INVESTIGATION OF OXIDATIVE STRESS ENZYMES AND HISTOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS IN LIVER, SPLEEN, AND HEART OF TILAPIA EXPOSED TO CHLORPYRIFOS

MUQADAS (Issue Date : 19-07-2020)

Chlorpyrifos (ChF) is widely used in agricultural fields and indoor for controlling pests. It sinks in the aquatic sediments and pose toxicity for aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate the oxidativ...


EVALUATION OF ECTO AND ENDO-PARASITIC FAUNA OF SCHIZOTHORAX PLAGIOSTOMUS INHABITANT OF RIVER SWAT, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN

Shah Khalid (Issue Date : 12-07-2020)

Fish is consumed as a rich and cheaper source of white meat and proteins all over the world. Fish farming is the leading source of income generation throughout the world. The present research study was conducted with aims to investigate the ecto and ...


IMPROVED ACCELERATED SYSTEMS, APPLICATIONS AND PRODUCTS (ASAP) METHODOLOGY FOR ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP) IMPLEMENTATION

ABDUL JABBAR (Issue Date : 12-07-2020)

The organizations are using Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system to run the business, services, human resources, and manages back-office workflow. ERP system is dynamic, complex, larger in nature and used for the implementation of technological ...


Requirement elicitation techniques using scrum practices in offshore development

Muhammad Ayyaz (Issue Date : 12-07-2020)

In Pakistan, offshore development is being carried out in most of the software development organizations. Agile methodology is being used in these organizations as their SDLC method to develop software. Scrum is one of the famous forms of agile which...


Software Copyright Investigation by Using Source Code Similarity

Saima Shafeeq (Issue Date : 12-07-2020)

Open-source software can be defined as software having its source code publicly accessible; either it is a web application, desktop or smartphone application, or any other type of software. Open-source software development motives are different for d...


EFFECT OF ONION, GARLIC AND CINNAMON EXTRACT IN WATER AND ETHANOL ON THE ACTIVITY OF BACTERIAL GROWTH: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Amir Hussain (Issue Date : 12-07-2020)

Onion (Allium cepa), garlic (Allium sativum) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) are edible herbs but they contain many chemical which can be used as medicine. Several human and plant diseases can be cured by these herbs. These herbs contain many mo...


ASSOCIATIONOF TLR3 GENETIC VARIATIONSWITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF HCC IN HCV INFECTED PAKISTANIPOPULATION

Sabeen Akram (Issue Date : 08-07-2020)

Hepatitis C was called “vigorous time explode” because it can extend rapidly and silently and disturbing more than 200 million people all over the world every year. According to some recent researches, in Pakistan, almost 10 million peoples were af...


“STUDY OF GENETIC VARIANTSIN CRYAAGENE IN DIABETIC PATIENTSWITH CATARACT”

Rabia Rafiq (Issue Date : 07-07-2020)

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that brings intricacies in different organs of human. Eye is one of the organs affected by diabetes mellitus. Cataract is one of the ocular complications faced by the diabetic patient, regardless of the sign...


PREVALENCEOF MALARIA IN THE LOCAL POPULATIONOF SWAT VALLEY,KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,PAKISTAN

Hina Habib Syed (Issue Date : 07-07-2020)

The present study was carried out in District Swat for a period of 7 months from January to July, 2017. For the current study the blood samples were collected from patients visiting the hospital, malaria diagnostic labs and District Head Quarter Ho...


MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF LOCAL STRAINS OF Plasmodium vivax BASED ON PvCsp GENE

Zainab Bibi (Issue Date : 07-07-2020)

Plasmodium vivax is the most prevalent species and always remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity in endemic areas, accounting for at least 65 – 70% of all cases happening in Pakistan. However, Pakistan is deadly lacking information about ...


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